Head Injury - Medical Malpractice Lawyer
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Head Injury Overview
Head injuries can be mild or severe. They can lead to mental impairment, permanent disability or death. Head injuries are an acceptable risk when dealing with sports-related injuries but there are things you can do to lower the risk and protect your head while playing sports.
Head injuries involve injuries to the skull, scalp or brain due to trauma. Concussions are the most common type of head injury in sports. A concussion happens when the brain is shaken hard enough or jarred so that it bounces against the skull. It can happen in a fall or when two players collide in the game. You can also get it if you strike your head against a piece of sporting equipment. A concussion alters a person's mental status and can disrupt the way the brain functions. If a person suffers multiple concussions, he or she can have life-long or long-lasting cumulative effects on the brain.
You don’t have to be struck in the head to have concussion. You can have an impact in another part of the body that can jar the brain. You might lose consciousness to have a concussion but it is not a necessary component of the injury. You can have a mild, moderate, or severe concussion. The effects can show up right away or can take a while, even days, to show up.
Other types of traumatic brain injuries include a bruise on the brain, called a contusion, which can cause brain swelling. You can get a hematoma on the brain, which can displace normal brain tissue and can increase the pressure within the brain. A skull fracture can affect the brain by having pieces of skull penetrate the brain, causing brain injury and swelling.
There are some sports and recreational activities that cause the most head injuries in the participants. These include cycling, football, basketball, baseball, softball, and riding recreational vehicles like dune buggies, mini bikes and go-carts. Among children ages 5-18, the top injuries occur because of cycling, football, basketball, playground injuries, and soccer.
There are main signs and symptoms of a traumatic brain injury. These include the following:
- Balance problems
- Double vision
- Fuzzy vision
- Feeling foggy or groggy
- Having a headache
- Feeling tired or sluggish
- Having a loss of memory
- Having a loss of memory
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Sleep problems
- Problems concentrating
- Problems remembering
Signs that a head injury is more serious than a concussion include these things. They mean that emergency treatment is required: changes in pupil size, clear fluid or bloody fluid coming from the mouth, nose or ears, seizures, distorted facial features, facial bruising, low blood pressure, skull or facial fracture, inability to move a part of the body, impaired senses, loss of consciousness, irritability, slow breathing rate, loss of coordination, restlessness or clumsiness, headache that is severe, slurred speech, blurry vision, vomiting, stiff neck, sudden worsening of symptoms, or swelling at the site of the injury.
The diagnosis of a head injury depends on understanding the signs and symptoms. There is a scale, called the Glasgow Coma Scale that can be a tool to understanding how serious the injury is. The lower the number, the worse is the level of consciousness. If the Glasgow coma scale is low the patient can have a CT scan or MRI scan of the head to find out if there is increased pressure on the brain from hematomas. A lumbar puncture can determine if there is increased pressure in the brain cavity. Skull fractures can come from an x-ray of the skull or from an MRI or CT scan of the head.
Treatment revolves around keeping the pressure from building in the brain. It can involve putting a burr hole within the skull to let blood and clots come out, decreasing the amount of hematoma on the brain. This decreases the pressure in the brain. In addition, a craniotomy can be performed, which takes out a piece of skull allowing for big clots to come out and a lot of pressure to be reduced in the brain cavity.
Medical Malpractice Lawyers
The medical profession which includes doctors, nurses and hospital technicians usually provides a caring service with a high standard of excellence however there are occasions when things do go wrong. Our litigation service is completely free and our medical malpractice lawyers will deal with your case using a contingency fee arrangement which means that if you don't succeed in receiving a financial settlement then your head injury lawyer won't get paid.LEGAL HELPLINE: ☎ 855 804 7125
The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here